Forget the hydrogen economy! Lithium (element #3) is the way to go.
The Lithium Economy, Kevin Bullis at MIT Technology Review interviews Donald Sadoway of MIT. [2005 November 22]
"Sadoway thinks the hydrogen economy is a crock:The Lithium Economy, Wikipedia
"The lithium economy is a concept analogous to the hydrogen economy, methanol economy, ethanol economy, zinc economy, electron economy or liquid nitrogen economy but where the energy vector is lithium instead of hydrogen, methanol or ethanol, zinc or liquid nitrogen.The EV Business: A Post-Mandate Perspective, by Tom Gage, AC Propulsion, Inc., San Dimas, California, at Electric Auto Association - Silicon Valley [2003 October 18]
"The Energy Imperative: Energetics more than emissions must inform automobile design over the coming decades.
Is lithium an alternative to the environmental hazards of lead? Check out Occupational Knowledge International.
"Lead poisoning is the most serious environmental health threat to children and one of the most significant contributors to occupational disease. Lead causes symptoms ranging from the loss of neurological function to death depending upon the extent and duration of exposure. In children, moderate lead exposure is responsible for a significant decrease in school performance, lowering IQ scores, and is linked with hyperactive and violent behavior. Both children and adults can suffer from a range of illnesses including effects on the central nervous system, kidneys, gastrointestinal tract, and blood forming system. It also affects the reproductive system in both men and women. The annual cost of lead poisoning in the U.S. alone is estimated to exceed $43.4 billion in children. Worldwide estimates are not available, but would greatly exceed this figure, as exposures are known to be significantly higher in developing countries."
Case study from La Oroya, Peru on creating global community [2005 November 8]
"'In the beginning,' he said, 'no one would stand up and say aloud that our kids are suffering from lead poisoning. The children come to school with stomachaches and headaches. Theyíre tired. They donít even want to go outside and play, much less study. Theyíre called lazy burros and theyíre often punished, but itís not their fault. This isnít normal behavior for a child.'St. Louis University Continues Environment Health Study in La Oroya Despite Violent Attacks, by Lead Free Future [2005 August 15]
"Two St. Louis University Environmental Health Study teams were attacked late this afternoon by groups opposed to the study, which is documenting the levels of heavy metal contamination in the Andean city of La Oroya. Members of the SLU team members and Peruvian counterparts were verbally and physically assaulted by groups which claimed that the study would result in the closing of the mineral smelter owned by the Doe Run Company of St. Louis, MO. The victims included a 16 year old girl who volunteered to be a translator."
|© 1994-2011 Ecotopia